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The Green Park covers 40 acres and links St James’s Park and Hyde Park, the park has no buildings but is full of mature trees and grassland. It is a popular route for those visiting Buckingham Palace from the Green Park underground station which is located at the edge of the park.
The Green Park was first recorded in 1554 as the place where a rebellion took place against the marriage of Mary I to Philip II of Spain. It was also a famous duelling site until 1667 when Charles II bought an extra 40 acres and it became known as upper St James’s Park.
Now a peaceful area, The Green Park in the 17th and 18th century was the scene of a number of festivities, two vast ‘temples’ called the Temple of Peace and the Temple of Concord were located in the park but were destroyed during firework displays in 1749 and 1814. The park was enclosed by Charles II in 1668 and stocked with deer, the King also built one of the first ice houses in Britain here.
In the 18th century, The Green Park became a favourite place for Queen Caroline, the wife of George II. She built a reservoir called the Queen’s Basin, a library and the Queen’s Walk, which became a fashionable path.
In the 1820s, John Nash re-landscaped the park and The Wellington Arch was built at the end of Constitution Hill to mark the point where Green Park ended and Hyde Park began. Eventually all the buildings that were located in the park were demolished.
The park has a number of memorials to those who served and died in the two world wars.
For more information, visit the Royal Parks website here
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