The Vikings Exhibition at British Museum is the first major UK Exhibition on the Vikings in over thirty years and presents a wide range of new information and artefacts from not just Britain and Scandinavia but also from Eastern Europe and beyond.
Anyone who has attended the exhibition cannot fail to be impressed, not least by the remains of the impressive ‘Roskilde 6’ the longest Viking Ship yet discovered.
However, one of the difficulties of the exhibition is providing enough information that complements the wonderful array of Viking material.
Vale of York Hoard, 10th century, North Yorkshire, England (Silver-gilt, silver and gold)
British Museum, London/Yorkshire Museum, York – © The Trustees of the British Museum
This is where the books that often accompany exhibitions are often invaluable and the Vikings life and legend book from the British Museum offers a wide range of information that attempts to explain some of the complexities of the Viking Age.
Not many books have a foreword written by Royalty, but Her Majesty Queen Margrethe of Denmark makes some very important points when she remarks “ The many new finds have given us further information about the people of the Viking age, their thoughts and deeds. Yet we certainly do know everything, and such information may throw light on the darkness. It is here, at the transition between knowledge and darkness, in the twilight, that the imagination steps in and dreams begin”
Anyone writing about the Vikings age is faced with the dilemma of people’s perception born of centuries of legends and propaganda of Vikings as raiders and killers, more recent research may have celebrated Vikings as traders, settlers, explorers and shipbuilders but the old perceptions show little sign of going away.
This book takes the sensible approach of considering all facets of Viking life and seeks to explain some of the complexities that will perhaps challenge many of our perceptions.
The book is built around four themes – Contacts & Exchange, Warfare & Military Expansion, Power & Aristocracy, and Belief and Ritual. Each theme explores the period between the late eighth and late eleventh centuries which saw an unprecedented movement of people out of the Scandinavian homelands.
Unsurprisingly the Vikings is seen purely as a Scandinavian tradition, however new evidence has shown that their reach was much wider and included areas of Eastern Europe. This often explains how the trading routes spread to the Baltic and the Byzantine empire.
The range and scale of trade is often illustrated when a hoard is found and they often include items from the Mediterranean and Islamic world.
Lewis Chessmen, late 12th century, Uig, Lewis, Scotland,Walrus Ivory.
© The Trustees of the British Museum
In the section on Warfare some of the myths of Vikings are explored, although a naked Berserker may spread panic and fear to isolated communities such as monks, there is evidence that the Vikings as an unbeatable fighting force may have been exaggerated and a number of Vikings graves have been found where they were massacred by the local tribes.
Most of the success of the raiders seemed to be based on the speed of the attack and retreat rather than outright conquest. This itself reflected on the power structure of the early Viking age when a multitude of Warlords dominated with relatively small fighting forces. It was only when the Kingdoms were unified that larger expeditions were undertaken.
The section on Belief and Ritual explores how the ‘heathen’ Vikings eventually became part of the Christian world, the finds from Viking ritual sites and graves marked the gradually spread of Christianity.
The Vikings life and legend book is a well written, comprehensive and informative picture of how recent finds are slowly changing our perception of the Viking Age, the numerous lavish illustrations and references offer considerable insight into the Viking world.
If you are interested in this world and wish to understand some of the its complexities , this book would be a useful purchase. Although it is seen as a companion piece to the Exhibition, it is equally useful as a informative guide to one of the most intriguing periods of European history.
Visiting London Guide Rating – Highly Recommended
If you would like to buy a copy of the book press here